July 5, 2017

Plant for recycling automotive shredder residues (ASR) in Finland.

ASR plant at Kajaanin Romu Oy.

The centerpiece of the new ASR recycling plant at Kajaanin Romu Oy (Finland): the BHS Rotor Impact Mill (RPMV).

Kajaanin Romu Oy operates one of Finland’s most cutting-edge plants for recycling scrap in the town of Kajaani, located approximately 500 km northeast of Helsinki. The company recently commissioned a BHS-Sonthofen plant for processing automotive shredder residue (ASR) fine fractions of particle sizes between 0 and 30 mm. It separates the feed material abundant with valuable metals into ‘light’ and ‘heavy’ fractions in a single pass. This allows the plant operators to economically produce fractions that can be sold profitably. Moreover, the plant significantly reduces the cost of material disposal at landfills.

Experience with operating shredders in the context of recycling has proven time and again that heavy non-ferrous fractions of material left over after shredding and processing large automotive, electrical or electronic scrap components still hold value. A metric ton can contain up to 20 grams of gold and up to 300 grams of silver, as well as platinum and other precious and non-ferrous metals.

Operators report that they are able to earn about EUR 3,000 per metric ton just from selling the heavy fraction of non-ferrous metals. BHS has taken improved fine fraction processing even further by integrating secondary cleaning of metals into the processing stage. This allows Finnish operator Kajaanin Romu Oy to unlock the value of reusable materials present in the ASR fine fraction. The system delivers a throughput of around 10 metric tons per hour.

At the end of the process, even the non-ferrous metal fractions are cleanly separated in silos. This includes heavy ones such as copper, gold and silver as well as light fractions such as aluminum. Presently, the proportion of salable non-ferrous metals amounts to about five to seven percent of the processed volume.

BHS-Sonthofen ASR systems do not only process fine fractions from automotive shredders. They are also suitable for processing waste incineration plant slag and electronics scrap. This means that recycling companies can flexibly adapt their product portfolio in response to increasing requirements: The higher the proportion of electronic components and platinum in vehicles and electronic devices, the greater the volume of valuable substances that can be extracted for reuse.

The rotor impact mill is at the core of first-stage processing.

The rotor impact mill of type RPMV is shown in the center; it is the core component for mechanical crushing undertaken in processing stage 1.

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